A history of the boston tea party in 1773

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The tea that was destroyed was originally from China. Their actions, which became known as the Boston Tea Party , set in motion events that led directly to the American Revolution — Tea smuggling in the colonies increased, although the cost of the smuggled tea soon surpassed that of tea from British East India Company with the added tea tax. The Intolerable Acts were viewed as a violation of constitutional rights, natural rights , and colonial charters, and united many colonists throughout America, [74] exemplified by the calling of the First Continental Congress in September It was one of the key events leading up to the American Revolution. However, if the colonies paid the duty tax on the imported tea they would be acknowledging Parliament's right to tax them. In reply the Americans formed the First Continental Congress to organize and coordinate their response.

In September of the East India Company readiedpounds of tea in 2, chests for shipment to the colonies. It features reenactments, a documentary, and a number of interactive exhibits.

Britons and British Americans agreed that, according to the constitution, British subjects could not be taxed without the consent of their elected representatives.

A history of the boston tea party in 1773

Old South Meeting House by Ducksters Patriots met at the Old South Meeting House to discuss taxation prior to the Boston Tea Party This didn't seem fair to the colonies as they were not represented in British Parliament and didn't have a say on how the taxes should be done.

This legislation effectively cut the wholesalers out and allowed the East India Company to sell tea directly to agents in America.

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The Intolerable Acts were viewed as a violation of constitutional rights, natural rightsand colonial charters, and united many colonists throughout America, [74] exemplified by the calling of the First Continental Congress in September The Townshend Duties were repealed on March 5,with the exception of a three penny duty on tea, kept to prove that Parliament had the right to tax the colonies.

We were immediately ordered by the respective commanders to board all the ships at the same time, which we promptly obeyed.

why did the boston tea party happen

The Act offended politicians and patriots, who saw it as an attempt by Parliament to tax them without their consent. It actually was a lot of tea. Until the Townshend Duties were first passed the Company had made much of its money transporting tea from India to England, where it was sold first to English wholesalers and then to American wholesalers before being sold to the colonial public.

Boston tea party summary

Thanks to their Native American costumes, only one of the tea party culprits, Francis Akeley, was arrested and imprisoned. In Great Britain, this meant that taxes could only be levied by Parliament. The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, The Boston Tea Party When we arrived at the wharf, there were three of our number who assumed an authority to direct our operations, to which we readily submitted. Tea was a favorite drink among the British and the colonies. Governor Thomas Hutchison refused to allow the ships to return to Britain and ordered the tea tariff be paid and the tea unloaded. Former Chancellor of the Exchequer William Dowdeswell , for example, warned Lord North that the Americans would not accept the tea if the Townshend duty remained. However, this claim did not appear in print until nearly a century after the event, in a biography of Adams written by his great-grandson, who apparently misinterpreted the evidence. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. There had been a big town meeting earlier that day led by Samuel Adams to discuss the tea taxes and how to fight them. When it wasn't, they decided to protest Britain's unfair taxes by throwing the tea into the ocean. A series of actions including the Stamp Act , the Townsend Acts and the Boston Massacre agitated the colonists, straining relations with the mother country. Sixteen months after the tea finally sank in Boston harbor, the first shots of the American Revolution were fired. The colonists refused, and Hutchison never offered a satisfactory compromise.

This Morning a Man of War sails.

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Boston Tea Party