Over the centuries the church, particularly in the office of the papacyhad become deeply involved in the political life of western Europe. In Luther was excommunicated ; what began as an internal reform movement had become a fracture in western Christendom. What did the Reformation do?
At its core, the Reformation provided the break with the status quo needed to reorient the church to the gospel and its God. This stirred awe all over Germany a movement began to grow crystallizing a new basis for Christianity. The political, economic, religous and social effects on England and France.
Pontiffs the official term for the office of pope hired mercenaries to serve as standing armies. These matters must not be glossed over.