Was alexander the great great

More importantly, Alexander's conquests spread Greek culture, also known as Hellenism, across his empire.

alexander the great timeline

Finally rid of Darius, Alexander proclaimed himself King of Persia. It was probably Alexander's greatest mistake, as 15, of his men died of starvation or heat in the Gedrosan Desert -- more than all those he lost in battle.

Persian conquest In B. Besides razing cities, Alexander also founded about 20 new ones, naming most of them after himself. In summer Alexander attempted to solve another problem, that of the wandering mercenaries, of whom there were thousands in Asia and Greece, many of them political exiles from their own cities.

One event took place at Hydaspes which devastated Alexander: the death of his beloved horse, Bucephalus.

Alexander the great facts

Even Callisthenes , historian and nephew of Aristotle , whose ostentatious flattery had perhaps encouraged Alexander to see himself in the role of a god, refused to abase himself. Campaigning against the Greek city of Perinthus , Alexander is reported to have saved his father's life. But his army encountered resistance in the cities of Miletus, Mylasa and Halicarnassus. Desperate to retain his leadership and recruit more soldiers, he tried to connect Persian nobles to Macedonians in order to create a ruling class. This city, which he named Alexandria after himself, became a cosmopolitan, diverse, bustling center of trade, the arts, and ideas. After defeating the Persians, Alexander started dressing like them. First, his father was able to unite the Greek city-states, and Alexander destroyed the Persian Empire forever. Already in his lifetime the subject of fabulous stories, he later became the hero of a full-scale legend bearing only the sketchiest resemblance to his historical career. Later in the same year he attacked Oxyartes and the remaining barons who held out in the hills of Paraetacene modern Tajikistan ; volunteers seized the crag on which Oxyartes had his stronghold, and among the captives was his daughter, Roxana. In November he reached Egypt. In modern times, medical experts have speculated that malaria, lung infection, liver failure or typhoid fever may have done Alexander in. They told Alexander that a truly great leader knows when it is time to stop fighting.

Pride goeth before the fall By adding the vast Persian realm to his Balkan kingdom, Alexander forged a Eurasian empire of unprecedented scope. By turning Bucephalus toward the sun so its shadow was behind it, Alexander was able to climb into the saddle and gallop around triumphantly.

In frustration, he sliced it in half with his sword, proclaiming, "I have loosed it! Greeks ran the city's administration, but Egyptians were allowed to keep their customs and religion -- though they could only become citizens if they learned Greek and accepted Greek traditions.

All went well until they came within striking distance of the Tyrians. Alexander the Great. As luck would have it, this man was Gordius, a poor peasant.

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Alexander the Great